Throughout our lives we make choices about where to live, largely driven by lifestyle, work or family. However, as we get older our health or increasing levels of frailty may have a greater impact on these choices.
Homes come in a variety of shapes, styles and legal structures. Planning ahead and researching options can help you to make a well-informed decision when you think you need to move.
Where we live in our older years is not just a decision about physical location but how we can access care and support. It is important to understand what is affordable as well as how your daily routine can be managed.
Accommodation versus care
When care is needed, many people compare the option of a retirement village against residential aged care. While both provide supportive environments for older people, they are not complete substitutes. The funding and care implications are quite different.
Don’t view the comparison as just a property transaction based on price and size. For example, in a retirement village you may have access to a whole unit or villa, while for a similar price in a residential aged care service, you have only a single room. You should also think about how much support you need each day.
Retirement villages versus residential care
Retirement villages offer the opportunity to live in a community of older people. The village operator will maintain the external building and community garden areas, but it is still independent living. For an additional cost, you may be able to access support inside your home but services vary from one retirement village to the next, and unless provided through a Home Care package, costs are not subsidised by the Government.
Residential aged care bundles fully supported living and care together with accommodation. This care is provided 24/7 and the costs are heavily subsidised by the government. The table below provides a basic summary of some of the key comparisons:
|Retirement village||Residential care|
|Entry cost (accommodation)||Set by the operator and specified in the contract. Usually a lump sum “purchase” but some villages may allow a rental arrangement.||A published price which you can choose to pay as a fully refundable lump sum or a daily “rental” amount.|
|Tenancy right||Occupancy usually under a lease or licence arrangement.||Permanent tenancy for life, with rules for future moves specified in the agreement.|
|Homeowner status depends on the amount paid. If determined to be a homeowner, the entry amount paid is exempt.||If a homeowner before moving, this status continues while a spouse continues to live there, or otherwise for the first two years only (or until home is sold).|
|Depends on contract. If the unit is sold you may or may not share in any capital gains. A deferred management fee and refurbishment expenses are generally deducted from the refunded amount.||A lump sum paid for the room (less any fees deducted) is refunded. All other rights terminate.|
|Cost of care||Optional services provided at the operator’s discretion – with commercial and non-subsidised pricing.||Rules for calculating fees are set by the government based on means-testing, with minimum and maximum annual fees.|
The value of advice
Pulling together the information you need to make choices can be difficult and stressful for you and your family. Emotions can run high.
Giving yourself time by starting your research early can reduce stress levels and for an older person, can ensure their voice is heard more clearly. Call us today on 02 43250884 for advice to guide you through the process and help to create effective solutions for you and your family.
Sophie Doyle (AR#000470612) is an Aged Care Specialist at Morgans Financial Limited (Morgans AFSL 235410 / ABN49 010 669 726); she has a passion for assisting people make informed financial decisions, as they navigate their way through the aged care system.
Disclaimer: The information in this article is general advice only and does not take into account your particular circumstances. We recommend specific tax or legal advice be sought before any action is taken and refer to the relevant Product Disclosure Statement before investing in any product. Current at 1 December 2020.